Arizona Sinus Phoenix Sinus ENT and Allergy

Parathyroid Surgery

The parathyroid glands are 4 tiny glands located in the neck behind the the thyroid gland. They release a hormone called parathyroid hormone. Parathyroid hormone controls your body’s calcium homeostasis (balance of calcium level in the blood and cells). The parathyroid glands, through release of parathyroid hormone, control how much calcium is absorbed from food and vitamins by your gastrointestinal tract, how much calcium is excreted in the urine and how much calcium enters or leaves your bones. The most common parathyroid gland abnormality evaluated in our practice is the overproduction of parathyroid hormone which results in increased absorption of calcium from the gut, decreased calcium excretion in the urine, leaching of calcium from the bones and therefore high blood calcium levels. High levels of calcium in the blood can cause depression, anxiety, bone and muscle aches and pains as well as fatigue. Additionally, kidney stones may result. The most common cause of this disorder is an enlarged parathyroid gland or parathyroid gland tumor which is secreting too much parathyroid hormone. Treatment usually consists of surgically removing this tumor (called a parathyroid adenoma) with parathyroidectomy.

  Parathyroidectomy Post Operative Instructions


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